There’s no doubt that Varanasi is as compelling as any trip to Delhi, Agra or Jaipur. In a single visit, you can witness life and death side-by-side while Varanasi’s residents carry on with their daily lives.

Sunrise Boat Tour
To appreciate Varanasi before the heat and crowds become too overwhelming, I opt for an early morning cruise.

Bleary-eyed, and with sun beginning to warm my face, I witness a Hindu way of life that’s been taking place for thousands of years. Scattered along the river-banks yogis practise, pilgrims flock to the sacred river to take a dip, and priests perform rituals.

Varanasi Sunrise Boat Tour

Cremation Ghats

Varanasi’s burning ghats are both vivid and certainly memorable. I admit my eyes were curiously fixed on the macabre scenes that unfolded along the Ganges’ riverbank.

My thoughts quickly moved to noting how business-like last rites were being dealt with. And in the end, the scenes were both very touching and moving.

Basically, the scene is simple enough.

Deceased bodies are enveloped in saffron and pink fabrics and garlands of flowers. They do little to hide the frail human shapes as family members carry their loved ones down the steps leading to the sacred Ganges River. Drummers and bands accompany them.

In the West, we typically hide our deceased – either to be embalmed or to be cremated. I stop and think how far removed we are from Hindu culture.

Bodies are unashamedly left on the stairs or ghats for hours, awaiting their turn to be immersed and purified in the Ganges.

They’re then taken to the wooden funeral pyres. Several pyres are already alight or smouldering.

Boat trip on Ganges

Sandalwood and mango logs continue to arrive by boat, unloaded and neatly stacked until needed.

Locals and tourists, alike, curiously and casually observe the events from their boats or from the upper terraces. Photography, as you’d expect, is strictly forbidden. I have no issues respecting these private moments.

Everything seems bizarrely informal. People go about their business against a stunning backdrop of houses and temples.

Buffaloes, cows and goats forage for food and prod floating marigold garlands; stray dogs sniff and rummage through bones and ashes.

Escape to Sarnath

Bodhi Tree in Sarnath

Varanasi has been a Buddhist city for almost as long as it has been a Hindu city. Leaving its busy streets behind, six kilometres away, lies Sarnath.

Buddha is said to have preached his first sermon here during the fifth century BC. Now a place of pilgrimage for Buddhists, many red and saffron robed pilgrims wander throughout its grounds.

I took the photo of the Bodhi tree to the rhythmic, soothing, sound of a group of Tibetan monks with shaved heads seated motionless beneath it.

As I took it, a young Buddhist monk from south India approached me.

It was as if his saffron robe assured him the confidence to meet a stranger, knowing that such friendliness would not be abused.

Strolling the Ghats
By mid-afternoon the sun burns fiercely above the Ganges. I am pouring with sweat again.

As I tackle the ghats’ steep slopes and steps, a regular stream of “interesting characters” approach me and hold out their hands, the global sign synonymous with requesting money.

Digpatia Ghat and Darbhanga Ghat

Small platforms, shaded with bamboo umbrellas are sprawled along the ghats. Grey-haired, bare-chested, saddhus meditate alone in warm sunshine or quietly address followers.

Their popularity varies. Some preach to two or three devotees, while other audiences jostle for position on the surrounding steps.

Stall holders, musicians, holy men and beggars line the steep steps that lead to the city’s streets.

Evening Aarti

Varanasi Ghat at Night

By the end of the day, I’m shattered but eager to experience another cultural experience. But this time from the safety and comfort of a sunset boat tour.

Listening to Sanskrit mantras, cymbals, bells and drums, the evening Arti is a vibrant and and majestic spectacle. The Ganges is adorned with flower petals and illuminated with the glow of floating candles.

Key points to note when visiting Varanasi.

* Avoid taking photos of cremation ghats.
* Death is a spiritual and everyday thing in Varanasi. Go with an open mind.
* Take a boat ride at sunrise.

Nowhere have I ever been prepared me for Varanasi. It’s pollution is gripping, its crowds seem intensely worse than either Delhi or Mumbai.

It’s a bizarre contradiction – spiritual, exciting but absolutely filthy. I can’t wait to go back!


  1. I loved your tips and their respect for the traditions in Varanasi and your story of the cremation ghats as it showed your dedication to knowing about the culture and history before visiting somewhere. I’m wondering if you have any suggestions of what you could do when you see perhaps another tourist not respecting the culture of the people living there?

    • Hi Lauren and thanks for your comments. I’d probably ask the tourist to show some respect. However, I’m pretty sure the locals would beat me to it!

  2. The article is nicely compiled and very informative about the city and its culture. I loved the article. Your tips about being sensitive to certain rituals are humble. Thanks for sharing it with the world.

  3. I loved this article. The writer’s insight into local customs and respect for them is adorable. It is wise not to interfere or shoot while these important rituals are being done. Specially, when one is near a cremation ground.

    Varanasi aka Banaras is acclaimed to be the oldest living city on our planet. The city wakes up before sunrise and starts holy rituals near Ganga ghats. Banaras always surprises me with something new on every fresh visit. It has a lot to offer.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.